Philadelphia, PA - Coffee is a great beverage – Its been used over the years and also has a fair share of romanticism attached to it. But the next time you decide to gulp down some caffeine – be it to stay awake before an exam, to get back to piled up work, to improve athletic performance on the track field, or to get high – Try some of these varieties of coffee and enjoy yourself.
Types of Coffee Drinks - The following is a list of beverages made from coffee. Please note that this list includes actual examples of coffee drinks, not brand names or variations on a general type
- Affogato: This is a term that means 'drowned.' It is the description of a shot of separately served espresso that is later poured over the top of a scoop of vanilla ice cream or gelato. This beverage is usually served in a short drink glass and is an Italian dessert favorite. Popular Affogatos include Vanilla Affogato, Mocha Affogato, and Peppermint Affogato.
- Americano: Also known as "Lungo" or "Long Black" and made by diluting 1-2 shots of espresso with hot water to approximate the texture, flavor, and body of an American-style drip coffee. Said to have been devised initially as a sort of insult to Americans who wanted their Italian espresso diluted.
- Babycino: A cappuccino styled drink served in an up-market café typically for children. It consists of warm milk in a small cup and topped with milk foam and chocolate powder. No espresso coffee essence is added.
- Breve: A term in Italian that means short and is used to describe an espresso coffee drink made with half-and-half light cream or semi-skim milk instead of full-fat milk
- Caffe' Freddo: Chilled, sweetened espresso served in a tall glass, often on ice.
- Caffe Latte or “Latte”: A ‘premium milk coffee experience.’ Freshly steamed milk without foam served in a tall glass with a shot of espresso coffee.
- Caffe Mocha: A combination of chocolate syrup and a shot of espresso, topped with steamed milk and a layer of micro-foam, and finished with a sprinkled of chocolate.
- Cappuccino Chiaro: (AKA Wet or Light cappuccino): Cappuccino prepared with more milk than usual.
- Cappuccino Scuro: (AKA Dry or Dark cappuccino) Cappuccino prepared with less milk than usual.
- Cappuccino: “Cap”: A ‘traditional morning heart starter.’ Steamed foamed velvety milk poured over one shot (1) of coffee oil extract made from 12gm of freshly ground beans producing 38ml of essence. It is finished by topping with foam and a sprinkle of chocolate powder. It is served in a preheated vitrified ceramic cup.
- Con Panna: Like the beverage "macchiato," but whipped cream is substituted for steamed milk.
- Cortado: means "cut" in Spanish, so the double shot espresso served in a demitasse glass supported with a metal handle is "cut" with an equal part of hot milk, making it in between the size and strength of a macchiato and a cappuccino. It is popular in Spain and Portugal, as well as throughout Latin America and Cuba, where it is drunk in the afternoon. Variations include more foam on top than a traditional cortado and occasionally with different names such as Piccolo or Gibraltar.
- Corretto: Espresso "corrected" with a touch of grappa, cognac, sambuca, or another spirit.
- Doppio: Italian term for double. Double Espresso or twice the amount of coffee and twice the amount of water. It describes two shots of espresso in one demitasse container.
- Espresso con Panna: A variation of the macchiato by substituting a dollop of whipped cream for the milk foam. A Starbucks invention. Means in Italian "espresso with cream.”
- Espresso Lungo: American term where a shot is extracted longer for a bit of extra espresso. Tends to maximizes the caffeine but will mostly produce a more bitter cup.
- Espresso Romano: Espresso served with a lemon peel on the side. While not a typical accompaniment in Italy, it is commonly served with the espresso beverage in America.
- Flat White: “White Coffee” - ‘uncompromising taste.’ Steamed Microfoam milk poured through and under the espresso crème produced from one shot (1) of a coffee extract made on 12gm of freshly ground coffee producing 38ml of essence. I have served in a preheated vitrified ceramic cup. A typical espresso coffee order in Australia/New Zealand. Great for latte art!
- Hammerhead: A coffee drink only served in the USA. It is an American term for a shot of espresso in a coffee cup that is topped up with drip-filtered coffee. As explains in the comments: In Oregon, the hammerhead is usually known as red-eye and uses two shots of espresso topped up in a 16oz travel mug with drip coffee. It's also sometimes called a "shot in the dark."
- Irish Coffee: Coffee mixed with a dash of Irish whiskey and served with cream on top.
- Latte Macchiato: Steamed milk served in a tall glass rather than a cup that is “stained” by a shot of espresso coffee.
- Long Black: Often called the “American.” It is the ‘benchmark coffee without milk.’ It is pure coffee made from one & one-half shots of a coffee extract made on 16gm of fresh ground beans producing 50ml of essence blended with steamed water. Served in a preheated vitrified ceramic cup with the essence floated over the top of a container filled with hot/boiling water. It is a standard espresso (Short Black) but lengthened by the addition of hot/boiling water.
- Lungo: An espresso made by purposely allowing more water to flow through the ground coffee than usual. (sometimes called an Americano or ‘long’).
- Macchiato: Meaning “stained” - Described as ‘strong, marked or stained.’ A touch of steamed foamed milk added to a double shot of coffee extract made from 24gm of fresh ground beans producing 75ml of essence. I have served in a glass.
- Mazagran: A French drink composed of cold coffee and seltzer water and first created by the French soldiers in 1840 in the town of Argelia. A variation includes iced coffee made with maraschino.
- Quad: An espresso drink made with four shots of coffee.
- Ristretto: (Ristretto in Italian means "restricted, shrunk or short”) It is the richest and most concentrated espresso drink where less water, but the same amount of coffee is used to make the beverage and creates a less bitter espresso. The extraction time is shortened, producing as little as 3 oz of liquid per serving. Pure and intense espresso served in a demitasse cup.
- Short Black: A ‘pure, intense Italian favorite with a biting crème head. It contains 75ml of pure double shot (2) coffee essence made from 24gm of fresh ground coffee beans. Traditionally served in a glass and is referred to as Espresso by European customers.
- Viennese Coffee: Brewed black coffee of any roast or origin topped and served with whipped cream.
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